Monday, June 16, 2014

Monument to Stepan Bandera

Stepan Andreovich Bandera was born 1 January 1909
and assassinated in 15 October 1959 by the KGB.

Bandera remains a controversial figure 
for his collaboration with the Nazis.  
To this day, pro-Jewish, Polish and Soviet 
groups oppose his memory.

On 15 October 1959, Stepan Bandera collapsed outside of
Kreittmayrstrasse 7 in Munich and died shortly thereafter.
An autopsy established cyanide poisoning as the cause of his
death. On October 20, 1959, Stepan Bandera was buried in
the Waldfriedhof Cemetery in Munich.

There are at least 26 monuments to Stepan Andreovich Bandera in 
Ukraine.  This one is next door the Roman Catholic Church of 
Saints Olha and Elizabeth (Ukrainian Orthodox) on Stepan 
Bandera Street.  It is about 15 minute walk from the Lviv Train 

The monument of Stepan
Andreovich Bandera had a few
admirers on the day we visited it.
A couple of kids use it as a
playground and a skate park.  
In late 1942, Bandera's organization, the Organization of Ukrainian
Nationalists, was involved in a campaign of ethnic cleansing of
Volhynia, and in early 1944, these campaigns began to include
Eastern Galicia. It is estimated that nearly 70,000 Poles, mostly
women and children along with unarmed men, were killed
during the spring and summer campaign of 1943 in Volhynia
by the OUN-Bandera which bears primary responsibility for the
massacres.  The Nazis however interned Bandera  in a
concentration camp the year before following a falling out over
Ukrainian nationalism.

Here  (Fed'kovycha St, 3) is an example of pre-revolution 
architecture.  It stands across the Bandera Monument and 
kiddie corner from the church of Saints Olha and Elizabeth.
Prior to the Euromaidan, only the Western 
Ukrainians saw Bandera positively.  During 
Euromaidan, Putin and his minions decried 
the influence of Bandera on Ukraine. 
Putin's propagandists used the bloody shirt 
of Bandera to justify its villiany. 
According to Stephen Dorril, author of
MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her
Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service,
Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
Bandera (OUN-B) was re-formed in 1946
under the sponsorship of MI6. The
organization had been receiving some
support from MI6 since the 1930s. One
faction of Bandera's organization, associated
with Mykola Lebed, became more closely
associated with the CIA.

On January 1, 2014, 15,000 people celebrated  Bandera's 
105th birthday in a torchlight procession  in the centre of Kiev 
and thousands more rallied near his statue in Lviv.  The Svoboda 
party and members of Batkivshchyna supported the ceremony.

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